12 April in Indian and World History
12 April in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 12 April is the birth anniversary of Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyay, Kedar Sharma, Vinoo Mankad, and Sumitra Mahajan.
12 April is also observed as the death anniversary of Taj Bhopali,
12 April in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyay (12 April 1885 – 23 May 1930), an Indian historian and archaeologist. He was one of a group of Indian archaeologists, most of whom gained a special reputation in the first phase of the 20th century as an associate of the then Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India, John Marshall, in the archaeological excavation, research and conservation of monuments. He was born on 12 April 1885 in Murshidabad, Bengal.
Kedar Sharma (12 April 1910 – 29 April 1999), an Indian film director, producer, screenwriter and lyricist in Hindi films. He is remembered in Bollywood as a filmmaker who played an important role in establishing Raj Kapoor, Bharat Bhushan, Madhubala, Mala Sinha and Tanuja in the film industry. Kedar Sharma also won the hearts of the audience with his performance in many films. These films include Inquilab, Pujarin, Vidyapati, Badi Didi, Neki and Badi. He was born on 12 April 1910 in Punjab.
Vinoo Mankad (12 April 1917 – 21 August 1978), one of the greatest cricketers of India. His full name was Moolwantrai Himmatlal Mankad. In 1956, he shared an opening partnership of 413 runs with Pankaj Rai. This record was broken after 52 years. His son Ashok Mankad also represented the India cricket team. He was born on 12 April 1917 in Gujarat.
Sumitra Mahajan, the prominent female politicians of the Bharatiya Janata Party. She has been the Speaker of the 16th Lok Sabha. He is popularly known as ‘Sumitra Tai’ among his workers. For the first time in the year 1982-1985, Sumitra Mahajan became the Deputy Mayor of Indore Municipal Corporation. She has been winning the Lok Sabha elections continuously since 1989. Lok Sabha MP Sumitra Mahajan is also a member of the ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, fifteenth and now sixteenth Lok Sabha. She was born on 12 April 1943.
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12 April in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Taj Bhopali (1926 – 12 April 1978), a well-known poet. He died on 12 April 1978.
Read More: 10 April in Indian and World History
Notable events on 12 April in Indian and World history
12 April 1621 – Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur was born.
12 April 1801 – William Cray was appointed Professor of Bengali Language at Fort William College in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
12 April 1801 – Ranjit Singh declared himself the Maharaja of Punjab.
12 April 1861 – Civil war started in America on this day.
12 April 1927 – the British cabinet supported giving women 21 years of age the right to vote.
12 April 1928 – The German aircraft Bremen made the first successful flight from east to west across the Atlantic Ocean.
12 April 1945 – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt died in office.
12 April 1946 – The French occupation of Syria ended.
12 April 1955 – The polio vaccine developed by Dr. Jones Sack was declared safe and effective.
12 April 1961 – the Soviet Union sent the first man, Yuri Gagarin, into space.
12 April 1973 – Sudan made its constitution.
12 April 1978 – To commemorate the completion of 125 years of Indian Railways, the country’s first double-decker train Sinhagad Express was run from Victoria Terminal in Bombay (now Mumbai) to Pune.
12 April 1981 – The space shuttle Columbia was launched for the first time.
12 April 1991 – The Gulf War formally ended.
12 April 1992 – A giant Buddha statue was installed in the Hussain Sagar Lake in Hyderabad.
12 April 1998 – Girija Prasad Koirala was appointed the new Prime Minister of Nepal.
12 April 2006 – The President of Cyprus, Tasos Papadolas, arrived in India on a six-day visit.
12 April 2007 – Pakistan granted India clearance on the Iran Gas Pineline.
12 April 2008 – Three people, including two Indian engineers, were killed suicide attack on a convoy of Indians in Afghanistan.
12 April 2010 – the Indian Kabaddi team defeated the Pakistan team 58–24 to win the first World Cup Kabaddi tournament at the Guru Nanak Dev Stadium in Ludhiana, Punjab (India).
12 April 2013 – The French Senate recognized same-sex marriage.
12 April 2014 – Noted lyricist Gulzar was given the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2013.