13 December in Indian and World History
13 December in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 13 December is the birth anniversary of Ilachandra Joshi, and Lakshmi Chand Jain.
13 December is also observed as the death anniversary of Smita Patil.
13 December in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Ilachandra Joshi (13 December 1903 – 1982), considered the originator of psychological novels in Hindi. Like most litterateurs, Joshi Ji started his literary journey with the creation of poetry. The mountain life, especially the mountain peaks of Almora and its surroundings covered with vegetation, and the waterfalls and valleys of the Himalayas, lakes, and rivers kept his poetic sensibility always awake. He was born on 13 December 1903.
Lakshmi Chand Jain (13 December 1925 – 14 November 2010), an Indian economist. Both his parents were active freedom fighters, which had an impact on him as well. In the last days of 1947, he met Kamala Devi Chattopadhyay in a camp. After this, in 1948, Jain established an ‘Indian Co-operative Union’ with Kamala Devi. In 1968, he also set up a consulting firm, which helped in government and non-government work on the advice of farmers and artisans. In this way, Lakshmi Chand Jain played the role of a bridge between farmers, artisans, and women’s groups, government committees, and boards which benefited him. He was born on 13 December 1925.
Read More: 12 December in Indian and World History
13 December in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Smita Patil (17 October 1955 – 13 December 1986), a well-known actress in Hindi films. He made a special mark in parallel cinema as well as a commercial cinema with his strong acting. Adorned with excellent acting, his films ‘Bhumika’, ‘Manthan’, ‘Chakra’, ‘Shakti’, ‘Nishant’ and ‘Namak Halal’ still leave their indelible mark on the hearts of the audience. Apart from being an active feminist in the Indian context, Smita Patil was also a member of the Women’s Center in Mumbai. She was fully committed to the cause of women. He was also honored with the ‘National Film Award’ and ‘Padma Shri’ twice for his invaluable contribution to Indian cinema. Apart from Hindi films, Smita Patil also made her mark in Marathi, Gujarati, Telugu, Bengali, Kannada, and Malayalam films. She died on 13 December 1986.
Read More: 11 December in Indian and World History
Notable events on 13 December in Indian and World history
13 December 1920 – International Court of League of Nations established in The Hague, Netherlands.
13 December 1921 – The Banaras Hindu University was inaugurated by the Prince of Wales.
13 December 1937 – The Japanese won the Battle of Nanjing between China and Japan. This was followed by a long period of genocide and atrocities.
13 December 1955 – India and the Soviet Union accepted the Panchsheel publication.
13 December 1961 – Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi started his Test match career against England in Delhi.
13 December 1974 – Malta became a republic.
13 December 1981 – The occupation of power by the military in Poland.
13 December 1996 – Kofi Annan was elected Secretary-General of the United Nations.
13 December 1998 – Mahatma Ramchandra Veer was awarded the “Bhai Hanuman Prasad Poddar Rashtra Seva” award by the Bara Bazar Library, Kolkata.
13 December 2001 – Terrorist attack on the Indian Parliament in Delhi.
13 December 2003 – Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was arrested near his hometown of Tigrit.
13 December 2004 – Talks on nuclear and Sir Creek started in Islamabad between India and Pakistan.
13 December 2006 – Notification issued by the World Trade Organization for the inclusion of Vietnam as the 50th member.
13 December 2007 – In the clash between the Sri Lankan Army and the LTTE, 17 LTTE militants were killed.
13 December 2008 – In the fifth phase of Jammu and Kashmir, 11 assembly constituencies saw 57% voter turnout.