24 January in Indian and World History
24 January in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 24 January is the birth anniversary of Pulin Behari Das, Karpoori Thakur, and Subhash Ghai.
24 January is also observed as the death anniversary of Homi Jehangir Bhabha, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, and Chandrabali Pandey.
24 January in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Pulin Behari Das (24 January 1877 – 17 August 1949), a great freedom-lover and revolutionary. He founded a revolutionary organization called “Dhaka Anushilan Samiti” for the independence of India and carried out many revolutionary events. The University of Calcutta gives a special medal in his honor, named ‘Pulin Bihari Das Memorial Medal’. He was born on 24 January 1877 in Faridpur.
Karpoori Thakur (24 January 1924 – 17 February 1988), an Indian freedom fighter, teacher, politician, and former Chief Minister of Bihar. He was called a mass hero because of his Popularity. Karpoori Thakur was born on 24 January 1924 in Pitonjhia (Karpuri Village), Samastipur, Bihar.
Subhash Ghai, a famous producer-director of Hindi films. He is counted as one such filmmaker in Bollywood, who through his films has made a special recognition on the hearts of the audience as the second showman after Raj Kapoor. Hindi movies ‘Kalicharan’, ‘Vishwanath’, ‘Karz’, ‘Vidhata’, ‘Karma’, ‘Hero’, ‘Saudagar’, ‘Ram-Luckan’, ‘Taal’, ‘Khalnayak’, ‘Pardesh’ and ‘Aitraaz’ tells his own success story. He was born on 24 January 1945 in Nagpur, Maharashtra.
Read More: 23 January in Indian and World History
24 January in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Homi Jehangir Bhabha (30 October 1909 – 24 January 1966), a prominent Indian scientist who conceived India’s nuclear power program. When he was 29 years old and had spent 13 years full of achievements in England. At that time ‘Cambridge University was considered the best place in the field of physics. When Shri Bhabha’s years were full of achievements in the field of research, he got the opportunity to return home. Shri Bhabha decided to work only by staying in his homeland India. He had the passion to bring a revolution in the field of science and technology in his country. He died on 24 January 1966.
Pandit Bhimsen Joshi (4 February 1922 – 24 January 2011), an important classical singer of the Kirana Gharana. He started singing at the age of 19 and continued to sing classical for seven decades. Bhimsen Joshi has made Karnataka proud. Earlier in the field of Indian music, M.S. Subbulakshmi, Ustad Bismillah Khan, Pandit Ravi Shankar, and Lata Mangeshkar have been awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’. The basis of his ability is his great musical practice. He was counted among the great singers of Hindustani classical music popular in the country and abroad. Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, who ushered in a new era in Hindustani classical music with his solo singing, was the sixth person in the world of art and culture to be awarded the country’s highest civilian award ‘Bharat Ratna’. Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi of ‘Kirana Gharana’ composed a wonderful rendition in his various ways of singing. When his son Srinivas Joshi told him about getting the country’s highest civilian award, Bhimsen Joshi said in Pune – “I accept this honor on behalf of all Hindustani classical singers who have given their lives to music.” He died on 24 January 2011 in Pune, Maharashtra.
Chandrabali Pandey (25 April 1904 – 24 January 1958), dedicated to the promotion and protection of the Hindi language and literature. Apart from being the President of the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, he was also the Chairman of the Nagari Pracharini Sabha. His ideas related to the Hindi Urdu problem and Sufi literature and philosophy are of historical importance. Pandey died on 24 January 1958.
Read More: 22 January in Indian and World History
Notable events on 24 January in Indian and World history
24 January 1857 – The University of Kolkata was established in the city of Kolkata, India.
24 January 1859 – Oil came out for the first time from a well dug for oil to a depth of 230 meters.
24 January 1862 – Bucharest was made the capital of Romania.
24 January 1936 – Albert Séruet became the Prime Minister of France.
24 January 1939 – About 50,000 people died earthquake in Chile.
24 January 1950 – The Constituent Assembly elected Rajendra Prasad as the first President of the country.
24 January 1950 – Jan Gan Man got the status of the national anthem of India.
24 January 1951 – Prem Mathur became India’s first woman commercial pilot.
24 January 1952 – The first International Film Festival was organized in Bombay.
24 January 1966 – Around 120 people died in an Air India Boeing 707 plane crash near the summit of Monblo in the Alps hills.
24 January 1979 – The US conducted nuclear tests in Nevada.
24 January 1989 – more than 125 workers were trapped in a gold mine in Peru.
24 January 1990 – Japan launched the first lunar probe.
24 January 1991 – The Republic of Lithuania called for the withdrawal of Soviet troops.
24 January 1996 – the UN for the first time in US history, Hillary Clinton, the country’s first lady, was ordered to appear in court.
24 January 2000 – President’s assent to the 79th Amendment of the Constitution to extend the reservation of Dalits in elections by 10 years.
24 January 2002 – Indian satellite INSAT-3C successfully placed in its orbit.
24 January 2003 – Extradition Treaty between France and India.
24 January 2005 – Andhra Pradesh’s Telugu Desam MLA Paritala Ravi was shot dead.
24 January 2011 – The bombings at Moscow’s Donodidovo airport kill 40 people and injure 200.
24 January is Celebrated as National Girl Child Day. It is celebrated to highlight the inequalities faced by most of the girls in India and to acknowledge girls about the importance of education, nutrition, legal rights, medical care, and safety of girl children. Also, one more additional Occurrence related to this day is Indira Gandhi sitting on the Prime Minister’s chair for the first time on 24 January, hence this day is celebrated as “National Girl Child Day”.