4 July in Indian and World History
4 July in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 4 July is the birth anniversary of Nanak Singh, Alluri Sitarama Raju, Gulzarilal Nanda, and Naseem Bano.
4 July is also observed as the death anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, Pingali Venkayya, and Bharat Vyas.
4 July in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Nanak Singh (4 July 1897 – 28 December 1971), an Indian poet, songwriter, and novelist of the Punjabi language. His literary works in support of India’s independence movement led the British to arrest him. Singh was born on 4 July 1897 in Chak Hamid in Jhelum district (now in Pakistan).
Alluri Sitarama Raju (4 July 1897 – 7 May 1924), an Indian revolutionary involved in the Indian independence movement. He was one of the brave revolutionary martyrs who laid down his life for the independence of India. He got very little formal education. He was attracted to spirituality by contact with one of his relatives and became a monk at the age of 18. In the year 1920, Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas had a great influence on Alluri Sitaram, and he advised the tribals to give up drinking and resolve their disputes in the panchayats. But when Gandhiji’s dream of achieving Swarajya was not realized in a year, Sitaram Raju with the help of his followers, tribals, started efforts to establish independent power by armed rebellion against the British. He was born on 4 July 1897 in Pandrangi, Madras Presidency, British India (present-day Andhra Pradesh, India).
Gulzarilal Nanda (4 July 1898 – 15 January 1998), an Indian politician and economist. He was the only person ever to have served as the caretaker prime minister, in addition to the thirteen prime ministers of India. Dedicated to the Congress party, Gulzarilal Nanda was first made the prime minister in 1964 after the death of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He became the prime minister in 1966 after the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri for the second time. His tenure was limited to the same time both the times till the Congress party did not elect its new leader. He was born on 4 July 1898 in Sialkot, India.
Naseem Bano (4 July 1916 – 18 June 2002), a leading Indian film actress in Hindi films of the forties. This actress, who made the audience crazy with her captivating performances in the Indian cine world. She was called the “Beauty Queen” for her beauty. Another famous actress of Hindi cinema, Saira Bano is the daughter of Naseem Bano. Some of her notable works include Pukar (1939), Anokhi Ada (1948), and Sheesh Mahal (1950). Bano was born on 4 July 1916 in Delhi.
Read More: 3 July in Indian and World History
4 July in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Swami Vivekananda (12 January 1863 – 4 July 1902), an Indian Hindu monk. He was a scholar of literature, philosophy, and history, spreading the fragrance of Indian culture abroad as a young monk. The original name of Vivekananda was ‘Narendranath Dutt’, who later became famous as Swami Vivekananda. The epoch-making spiritual master, who made Hinduism dynamic and practical and urged the modern man to integrate Western science and materialism with the spiritual culture of India to build a strong civilization. Born in an aristocratic family in Calcutta, Narendranath was a unique combination of contemplation, devotion, and rationality, physical and intellectual excellence as well as musical talent. In India, the birthday of Swami Vivekananda is celebrated as National Youth Day. He died on 4 July 1902 in Belur Math, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day West Bengal, India).
Pingali Venkayya (2 August 1876 – 4 July 1963), an Indian freedom fighter. He was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi and the designer of the ‘Tiranga’ national flag of India. He was also a true patriot of India, a great freedom fighter, and an agricultural scientist. Venkayya died on 4 July 1963 in Vijayawada.
Bharat Vyas (6 January 1918 – 4 July 1982), a famous lyricist who wrote the songs for Hindi films in the 1950s and 1960s. Poetry talent was visible in him since childhood. He started writing by the age of 17-18. His first song was Aao Veero Hillmil Gaye Vande Mataram. Vyas has written songs in films like Do Aankh Barah Haath, Navrang, Boond Jo Ban Gayi Moti. He died on 4 July 1982 in Mumbai.
Read More: 2 July in Indian and World History
Notable events on 4 July in Indian and World history
4 July 1698 – Thomas Savery of Britain obtained the patent for the first commercial steam engine.
4 July 1751 – The Swedish chemist and mine expert Friedrich Kronstler succeeded in detecting nickel.
4 July 1760 – Mir Jafar’s son Miran died due to lightning on the banks of river Gandak.
4 July 1776 – Representatives of 13 states of America signed the Declaration of Independence of this country in the city of Philadelphia on this day. That is why this day is known as America’s Independence.
4 July 1789 – The East India Company made a treaty with the Peshwa and the Nizam against Tipu Sultan.
4 July 1865 – The famous English novel Alice in Wonderland was published.
4 July 1879 – Freedom fighter Basudev Balwant Phadke was arrested.
4 July 1886 – The New York Tribune became the first newspaper to use a printing machine.
4 July 1934 – Leo Gillard patented the chain reaction of the atomic bomb.
4 July 1946 – The Philippine Islands gained independence from the United States.
USA Independence Day
The Fourth of July, also known as Independence Day, is a federal holiday in the United States commemorating the ratification of the Declaration of Independence by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776.