5 January in Indian and World History
5 January in Indian and World History is celebrated, observed, and remembered for various reasons. 5 January is the birth anniversary of Mirza Sahib Uddin Baig Muhammad Khan Khurram, Barindra Kumar Ghosh, Murli Manohar Joshi, Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, and Deepika Padukone.
5 January is also observed as the death anniversary of Chitlkar Ramchandra, and Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail.
5 January in Indian history is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the following personalities:
Mirza Sahib Uddin Baig Muhammad Khan Khurram (5 January 1592 – 22 January 1666), the fifth Mughal emperor. Shah Jahan was very popular during his time due to his justice and luxury. After the death of Emperor Jahangir, Shah Jahan was chosen as the heir to the Mughal throne at a young age. He ascended the throne in 1627 after the death of his father. He was born on 5 January 1592.
Barindra Kumar Ghosh (5 January 1880 – 18 April 1959), an Indian freedom fighter and journalist. He is also known as Barin Ghosh. He was the younger brother of spiritualist Aurobindo Ghosh. The credit for spreading revolutionary ideology in Bengal goes to Barindra Kumar and Bhupendra Nath Dutt, who were the younger brothers of Swami Vivekananda. As a result of the ‘Swadeshi Movement’, Barindra Kumar Ghosh started the publication of the Bengali weekly ‘Yugantar‘ in 1906 to propagate revolutionary ideas. He also formed the ‘Maniktalla Party’ in 1907 to coordinate the activities of revolutionary terrorism. In 1908, he was arrested and sentenced to death, but later it was changed to life imprisonment. After spending ten years in Andaman Jail, he spent the rest of his time in journalism. Barindra Kumar Ghosh was also associated with Bengali dailies ‘The Statesman’ and ‘Vasumitra’. He was born on 5 January 1880.
Murli Manohar Joshi, an Indian politician, a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He was also the National President of BJP from 1991 to 1993. He was also appointed as the Union Minister of Human Resource Development in the National Democratic Alliance government. Murli Manohar Joshi has also received ‘Padma Vibhushan’ and the second-highest civilian award. Most people know him for his policies and thinking of Hindu social politics and integral humanity. Murli Manohar Joshi has been a member of the sixth, eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth Lok Sabha. He was born on 5 January 1934 in Delhi.
Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi (5 January 1941 – 22 September 2011), a former captain and legendary player of the Indian cricket team. Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, who left an indelible mark in the cricket world due to his captaincy more than his artistic batting, had added new examples and new dimensions of leadership skills in Indian cricket. He was born on 5 January 1941 in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.
Deepika Padukone, an Indian actress who works in Hindi films. One of the highest-paid actresses in India, her accolades include three Filmfare Awards. She was born on 5 January 1986 in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Read More: 4 January in Indian and World History
5 January in Indian history is observed as the death anniversary of the following personalities:
Chitlkar Ramchandra (12 January 1918 – 5 January 1982), a musical direction, singer, filmmaker, direction and acting. He also kept the cine lovers crazy about himself. C. Ramchandra, popularly known as ‘Anna Saheb’ in the film world, was not untouched by any genre related to films. He was such a cheerful person, whose mere presence made the atmosphere pleasant. The tendency to keep on laughing was very finely carved in his music direction and singing too. This style of C. Ramchandra is still in the memories of his loved ones. He died on 5 January 1982.
Sir Mirza Muhammad Ismail (23 October 1883 – 5 January 1959), an assistant secretary to the Maharaja of Mysore in 1908. After some time was also appointed as the Diwan of Mysore. He was born on 5 January 1959.
Read More: 3 January in Indian and World History
Notable events on 5 January in Indian and World history
5 January 1671 – Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj captured the Salhar region from the Mughals.
5 January 1731 – Streetlights were lit for the first time in the city of Moscow.
5 January 1850 – The California Stock Exchange was started.
5 January 1900 – Irish nationalist leader John Edward Redmond revolted against British rule.
5 January 1905 – Charles Perrin announced the discovery of Jupiter’s seventh satellite, Elara.
5 January 1909 – An agreement between Colombia, Panama, and the United States to make Panama an independent state was signed.
5 January 1914 – Henry Ford, the owner of the Ford Company, fixed the minimum wage for his company’s employees.
5 January 1952 – British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrived in America on his first official visit to America after being elected.
5 January 1957 – The Central Sales Tax Act came into effect.
5 January 1970 – the Central Sales Tax Act came into force.
5 January 1971 – The first One Day International cricket match was played between Australia and England in Melbourne, Australia.
5 January 1972 – Bangladesh’s leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was freed from house arrest.
5 January 2000 – The International Federation of Football and Statistics declared ‘Pele’ the player of the century.
5 January 2002 – SAARC Summit Beginning in Kathmandu, President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf extended a hand of friendship with India in the inaugural session, but Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee said – ‘Not worthy of trust’.
5 January 2006 – India and Nepal extended the period of the transit treaty by 3 months.
5 January 2007 – Tanzania’s Foreign Minister Asha Rose Migro was appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations.
5 January 2009 – Under the ‘Green Rajasthan Campaign’, the campaign of planting more than 6 lakh saplings on 11 and 12 August 2009 by the Dungarpur district administration to restore the greenness of the barren hills spread across the district has been included in the ‘Guinness Book of World Records.
5 January 2014 – Indian communication satellite GSAT-14 was successfully placed in orbit.